Applications , branches and fields of studying Chemistry
Science is an organized structure of knowledge that includes the facts , concepts , principles , laws , scientific theories and the organized method in the research & investigation , One of the main branches of science is the physical sciences that include Chemistry , Physics , Biology , Earth Science & Astronomy , so , Chemistry is one of the physical sciences .
Since the creation of man , He is searching and exploring the surrounding universe to understand its phenomena , explain it and control it , All of what man had reached from his researches is coordinated in a structure called science , The field of science differs according to the different phenomena under study , the used methods in research and the used tools .
Chemistry is the science that is interested in studying the composition and properties of the matter , it is interested in the changes that occur on it , It is interested in different substances reactions with each other & the suitable conditions for these reactions .
Chemistry has been divided into branches like Physical chemistry , Biochemistry , The organic chemistry , The analytical chemistry , Thermochemistry , Nuclear chemistry , Electrical chemistry ( Electrochemistry ) and Environmental chemistry .
The fields of studying chemistry
Science of chemistry is interested in studying the atomic and molecular structure of the matter ( the bonds within it ) to identify the properties of the matter quantitatively and qualitatively .
Science of chemistry is interested in understanding and controlling the chemical reactions and their conditions , It is interested in obtaining new beneficial products that can be used in medicine , agriculture , engineering and industry .
Science of chemistry is interested in treating some environmental problems such as Rust , pollution of ( water – air – soil ) , the shortage of water and the energy resources .
Some applications of chemistry
Since the ancient civilizations , chemistry has been related to metals , mining , production of colors , medicine and some technical industries like tanning , dyeing clothes and production of glass , The ancient Egyptians used some chemicals in mummifying their dead .
The pharmacological industry is one of the most important applications of chemistry , All food consist of chemicals ever if they are organically grown , Fuel and all parts of the car are made up of chemicals .
The dyeing of fabrics is a chemical process , Chemical reactions can be used to produce the electricity , The water treatment and purification is an important chemical method .
The chemistry is related to many fields in our life , So , Chemistry is considered the centre of most other sciences like biology , physics , medicine , agriculture and other sciences .
Chemistry and Biology
Biology is interested in studying the living organisms , Chemistry is interested with biology in a science called Biochemistry which is the science that is interested in studying the chemical structure of the parts of the cell in the various organisms .
Biochemistry is interested in the chemical reactions that occur inside the living organisms ( e.g. digestion , respiration and photosynthesis ) , It is interested in studying the chemical structure of the parts of the cell ( e.g. carbohydrates , fats , proteins and nucleic acids .
Chemistry and Physics
Physics studies all about the matter like its movement and energy , inventing new methods for measuring more accurately to understand the natural phenomena , Chemistry is integrated with physics in a science called Physical chemistry which studies the properties and structure of matter .
physical chemistry is the science that is interested in studying the properties and structure of the matter and the particles that form these matter .
The physical chemistry allows the physicists to perform their studies in an easier method because it studies the properties and structure of the matter and the particles that form these matter .
Chemistry , Medicine and Pharmacy
Medicines are the chemical compounds which have healing properties and they can be extracted from natural sources or prepared in the laboratories , Chemistry plays an important role in each of medicine and pharmacy fields , By knowing the nature of functions of the hormones and enzymes and explaining the role of medicine inside the human body .
Chemistry and Agriculture
Chemistry helps in agriculture by selecting the suitable soil for planting a certain crop by the chemical analysis which determines the ratios of the soil components and the degree of sufficiency of these components for this plant or crop .
Chemistry helps in agriculture by increasing the productivity of crops , as chemistry can prepare the suitable fertilizers for each crop and also the insecticides to get rid of the agricultural pests .
Chemistry and the future
We can discover and form some substances with extraordinary properties through using Nanochemistry which is the science that is interested in discovering and forming some substances with extraordinary properties that may be used for improving of some various fields such as engineering , communications , medicine , the environment , transportation and provide numerous human needs .