The types and the properties of the soil

The soil types
The types of the soil are the sand soil , the silt soil and the clay soil .

What are the types of the soil ?

You can see the soil around you , You will notice the different crops which are planted in the different types of the soil , The soil can be classified into three different types according to the kind of the particles ( the components ) that form it .

The types of the soil are the sand soil , the silt soil and the clay soil

The sand soil

The sand soil is the soil that rarely contains the humus , and It composed mainly of the sand particles , a small amount of the clay and the silt .

The sand soil is called by this name as it is composed mainly of the sand particles .

The sand soil properties 

  • The fertility of the sand soil is low .

  • It is well aerated soil that has low absorption of the water .

  • The size of its particles is large .

  • The colour of the sand soil is yellow .

  • It is weekly composed ( loose ) .

  • It has the fastest and the greatest drainage of the water .

The silt soil

You should know that the silt soil is the soil that contains more humus , and it composed of a mixture of the equal amounts of the sand , the gravels , the silt  and the clay .

The silt soil properties

  • The colour of the silt soil is grey .

  • The size of its particles is medium ( between the sand soil particles and the clay soil particles .

  • It is moderately aerated  soil that has medium absorption of the water .

  • It is moderately compacted .

  • It has high fertility .

  • It has the medium drainage of the water .

The clay soil

The clay soil  composed mainly of the clay and the silt particles , and a small amount of the sand and the humus .

The clay soil is called by this name as it is composed mainly of the clay and the silt particles .

The clay soil properties

  • The colour of the clay soil is dark ( black ) .

  • The size of its particles is small .

  • It is fertile .

  • It has highly compacted ( hard ) .

  • It is poorly aerated soil that has high absorption of the water .

  • It has the lowest drainage of the water .

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