Stomach Cancer (Gastric Adenocarcinoma) Symptoms , Causes and Treatment
The stomach cancer is the cancer which occurs in the stomach , It is the muscular sac that located in the upper middle of your abdomen below your ribs , The stomach receives and holds the food you eat and helps to break down and digest it then moving the nutrients along to the rest of your digestive organs .
The stomach cancer begins when the cancer cells form in the inner lining of your stomach , The cancer cells can grow into the tumor , Also they are called the gastric cancer , The disease usually grows slowly over many years , It doesn’t cause any symptoms until the later stages , so , It is not diagnosed until it is more advanced .
Most cases of stomach cancers are the gastric carcinomas , It can be divided into a number of sub types , Lymphomas and mesenchymal tumors may also develop within the stomach .
Causes of Stomach Cancer
The scientists don’t know exactly what makes the cancer cells start growing in the stomach but there are a few things which can raise your risk for the disease , The most popular cause is the infection by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori which causes ulcers , And certain types of H. pylori have greater risks than others
The Inflammation in your gut called the gastritis , long-lasting anemia , The growths in the stomach called polyps also can make you more likely to get the cancer , Between 1% and 3% of cases are due to the genetic syndromes inherited from the person’s parents such as the hereditary diffuse gastric cancer .
There are many things that play a role in raising the risk such as the smoking , Being overweight or obese , A diet high in smoked , The pickled , or the salty foods , The stomach surgery for an ulcer , Type-A blood , Epstein-Barr virus infection , Working in the coal , metal , the timber , or the rubber industries , And the exposure to the asbestos .
Symptoms of Stomach Cancer
The people don’t know anything about the cancer until it has reached an advanced stage , The early symptoms include the frequent heartburn , the upper abdominal pain , the nausea , And the appetite loss ( sometimes accompanied by the sudden weight loss ) .
There are later signs and symptoms such as the jaundice ( a yellowish discoloration in the eyes and skin ) , nausea / vomiting , difficulty swallowing , and the blood in the stool among others .
Some of the most popular symptoms of the advanced stomach cancer are the indigestion , the constant bloating , early satiety ( You feel full after eating only the small amount) , but having the indigestion or the heartburn after the meal does not mean you have cancer .
As the stomach tumors grow , you may have more serious symptoms such as the stomach pain ( which may be worse after the meals ) , the excessive fatigue , trouble swallowing , Swelling in the stomach , the constipation or diarrhea , And the weakness or feeling tired .
The symptoms of the gastric cancer include Melena or the pallor from anemia , Hematemesis , Palpable enlarged stomach with the succussion splash , The enlarged lymph nodes such as Virchow nodes and Irish node (anterior axillary) .
Risk Factors of Stomach Cancer
The stomach cancer is directly linked to the tumors in the stomach , The risk factors include certain diseases and conditions like lymphoma ( a group of blood cancers) , H. pylori bacterial infections ( the common stomach infection which can lead to the ulcers) , And the tumors in other parts of the digestive system .
These risk factors include the stomach polyps ( the abnormal growths of tissue that form on the lining of the stomach ) , The stomach cancer is more popular among older adults ( usually those 50 years and older ) , men , the smokers , those with a family history of the disease
The certain lifestyle factors can also play a role , You may be more likely to get the stomach cancer when you eat a lot of the salty or processed foods , if you eat too much meat , when you have a history of alcohol abuse , If you do not exercise , And don’t store or cook the food properly .
Diagnosis of Stomach Cancer
Since the people with stomach cancer rarely show the symptoms in the early stages , the disease is not diagnosed until it is more advanced , To make the diagnosis, your doctor will first perform the physical exam to check for any abnormalities , He may order the blood test , including a test for the presence of H. pylori bacteria .
More diagnostic tests will need to be done if your doctor believes that you show the signs of the stomach cancer , The diagnostic tests specifically look for the suspected tumors and the other abnormalities in the stomach and the esophagus .
The tests may include the upper GI endoscopy ( a procedure which uses the small camera on the end of a thin , flexible probe to look at the esophagus and the stomach ) , the biopsy ( tissue sample ) , the imaging the tests such as CT scans and X-rays .
Treating Stomach Cancer
The stomach cancer is difficult to detect but the treatment for the stomach cancer is possible through the chemotherapy , the radiation therapy , and the surgery , the immunotherapy such as vaccines and medication , The exact treatment plan will depend on the origin and stage of the cancer , the age and overall health can also play a role .
The goal of treatment is to prevent the cells from spreading the stomach cancer , when left untreated , It may spread from the stomach to the other parts of the body particularly the lungs , the bones , and the liver , lining of the abdomen and lymph nodes .
You can lower the risk of developing all the cancers by maintaining the healthy weight , eating the balanced , low-fat diet , quitting smoking , And exercising regularly .