Unmanned ground vehicle ( UGV ) advantages and disadvantages
Unmanned ground vehicle (UGV)
It is the vehicle which operates while in contact with the ground and without the onboard human presence , It can be used for many applications where it may be inconvenient , dangerous or impossible to have the human operator present , There are two classes of unmanned ground vehicles which are Remote-Operated UGV and Autonomous .
UGV will have a set of sensors to observe the environment , It will either autonomously make the decisions about its behavior or pass the information to the human operator at a different location who will control the vehicle , There are two types which are usable by the riders or only for cargo .
Unmanned robotics are the land-based counterpart to the unmanned aerial vehicles and the remotely operated underwater vehicles , They are being actively developed for both the civilian and the military use to perform a variety of the dull , dirty and dangerous activities .
The remote-operated UGV is the vehicle that is controlled by the human operator via the interface , It can control all the actions of the operator by the direct visual observation or the remote use of sensors & digital video cameras .
Unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) Uses
Remote-operated UGVs are used to replace the humans in hazardous situations such as the explosives and bomb disabling vehicles , They are being used in Japan repairing the nuclear reactors that are still emitting too much radiation to warrant the human presence .
UGVs are being developed for the peacekeeping operations , the ground surveillance , the gatekeeper/checkpoint operations , urban street presence and to enhance the police & military raids in the urban settings , They can reduce the military & police casualties , They are used in the rescue and recovery missions .
UGV is the autonomous robot that operates without the need for the human controller , It uses its sensors to determine the next action to take in the context of the human provided mission goal , It can disarm or remove the explosives and it can repair itself without outside assistance .
The fully autonomous robot can collect the information about the environment such as building maps of building interiors , It can detect the objects of interest such as the people and the vehicles , It can travel between the way-points without the human navigation assistance .
Autonomous robot can work for extended durations without the human intervention , It can avoid the situations which are harmful to the people , property or itself , unless those are part of its design & specifications .
Unmanned ground vehicle advantages
Unmanned robotics can learn or gain new capabilities without outside assistance , It can adjust the strategies based on the surroundings , It can adapt to the surroundings without outside assistance and it can develop the sense of ethics regarding mission goals .
The technology programmed into the unmanned robotics then it allows the soldier to spot out the enemies on the patrol or waiting to ambush our soldiers , It can help save the lives , Unmanned robotics can stop out the enemy snipers in the area which is one of the deadliest weapons used in any form of the warfare .
Unmanned ground vehicles have allowed the troops to peek around the corners and investigate suspected bombs , They can discover many explosives , The military can send unmanned robotics to examine the terrain , If the bomb is found and can not successfully defuse the bomb , UGVs can be used to detonate the explosive .
Unmanned ground vehicles help the soldiers eliminate any dangerous opposition in their way , But these unmanned vehicles can also help the military in the firefights and live combat situations , They are used to bring the supplies to the soldiers in the combat and they help the soldiers to have the surplus of ammo .
The unmanned military vehicles can spot the explosives or the human opposition before the soldiers can be harmed in the combat , They can save the human soldier from the harms and they are considered superior fighting machines .
Disadvantages of Unmanned ground vehicles
One of the most popular errors with the remote controlled UGV is the lagging of it , and during this time the UGV is capable of moving to far to the left , leaving it to fall of the cliff , It can be detected by the enemy troops , or even be blown up by a mine .
Bandwidth always be the problem with the wireless solutions and even some wired solutions , causing for the slow reaction time for the controller to the actual UGV , bandwidth will remain an issue because it is shared with many other UGVs .
UGVs are not a reliable as the human , many of these vehicles are stealthy vehicles that are not capable of detecting where the enemy soldiers are , and even developing the detailed description of the enemy household and the autonomous robots still require regular maintenance as all machines .
UGVs are likely to over heat in many situations , and once they overheat they are stuck in that same position until the vehicle is cooled down , So , if the UGV gets stuck in the enemy house it blows its cover of being a stealthy soldier and warns the enemy that these soldiers are coming in for an attack .
If the UGV is used to clear the mine field , but it breaks down during its operation , The soldier would have to come to aid this vehicle and try and fix it , which leaves this soldier open to the enemy surprise attack , The enemy can spot the disabled military vehicle & prepare for battle , This eliminates the element of surprise for the soldiers .
Unmanned ground vehicles violate the code of the ethics for the computers , It is a large problem because they are making the vehicles with the guns on the top of them , This becomes a problem because it violates one of the ethical codes saying those computers are not supposed to cause any harm to the human being .
Although these robots are not fully autonomous and they don’t make the decision whether to shoot and kill the enemy combatant itself , It is still violating these ethical codes because it is an unmanned vehicle , It is a disadvantage because many people around the world are trying take away these unmanned vehicles because they violate these codes .
Unmanned military ground vehicles are expensive , The big disadvantage is the cost at which these vehicles bring in our military , Each unmanned weapon requires its own specific programming , They require many engineers to spend countless hours on testing and designing them , They can be destroyed before they have benefited any of our soldiers .
UGVs have some technological problems that can happen to the robot during the wartime situation and they become useless , This would give the dramatic increase in the possibility of the soldiers being injured or killed by the enemy , UGVs can be used for our military forces to see the portion of the environment and they can be used against our military if there is the technological errors .