What are uses and importance of Microscopes ?
The importance of Microscopes
Microscopes help the scientists to study the microorganisms , the cells , the crystalline structures and the molecular structures , They are one of the most important diagnostic tools when the doctors examine the tissue samples .
Microscopes has opened up a whole new dimension in science , By using Microscopes scientists were able to discover the existence of the microorganisms , study the structure of cells , and see the smallest parts of plants , animals , and fungi .
Electron microscopes help create the very tiny electrical circuits found on Silicon microchips , Scanning microscopes are much more sophisticated , and they have higher magnifications than light-refracting microscopes .
Microscopes are used to diagnosis the illness in the hospitals and the clinics all over the world , Microscopes magnify the blood samples , so , The doctors can see the malaria parasites attacking the red blood cells .
Microscopic examination confirms the laboratory tests that may be positive for the disease , Technicians count the number of red blood cells infected with malaria to give the doctors an idea of how advanced the disease is in a patient .
Microscopes use the simple visible light refracting lenses , Electrons , x-rays , and infrared rays , They are to detect the smaller and smaller structures , Scanning electron microscopes are able to resolve the viruses which are far smaller than any cell , They enlarge the view of tiny viruses , which allows scientists to develop the vaccines and cures for infectious diseases in the humans and the animals .
Scanning electron microscopes have the magnifications up to several million times to view the molecules , the viruses and the nano-particles , They use the corrective software to increase the magnification and the resolution of images , The computers help the nano-technologists use high-powered electron microscopes to view the objects only a few molecules thick .
Electron microscopes help prepare the small surfaces for sectioning into small slices , Microscopes enlarge the images of silicon chips to help the engineers create more efficient electronic devices , When more circuits are fitted onto a small chip , the computational power of silicon microchips increases.
The optical or light microscopes are the most commonly used and the oldest type of Microscopes , Where the light is passed through the machine and through the specimen being viewed to magnify it , They use a specialized camera to produce a film or even digital image , The stains are used on the glass slide to make the cells or the structures more easily seen .
Electron microscopes use the beams of electrons rather than the light to create an image , They are used to visualize the objects such as the microorganisms and the crystal structures which are too small to be imaged with an optical microscope .
Probe scanning microscopes are used to create the images of objects that are rather flat , They use a probe that scans the object’s surface and then the software is used to render the results into a viewable image .
The virtual microscopy uses the computer technology to convert the images on the glass slides into the electronic data that has a resolution similar to that achieved with the use of an optical microscope , This technique enables the electronic transport and the storage of data from the slides and also it allows the slides to be reviewed remotely .
Microscopes are used in viewing the specimens that are relatively very small in size , they are used to view the cellular structures of organs , germs and bacteria , They play a very important role in laboratory for the tissues and organisms which are too small to be seen clearly with the naked eye .
All branches of biology uses Microscopes especially in Molecular Biology and Histology ( study of cells ) , Microscopes are the backbone of studying biology , The biologists use it to view the details that cannot be seen by the naked eye such as the small parasites and small organisms which is important for the disease control research .