The soil pollution and the soil protection from pollution

The soil pollution

The pollution is very dangerous , There are different kinds of pollution as the air pollution , the water pollution and the soil pollution , The pollution is any change in the environment that disturbs its natural balance .

The soil pollution is any change in the soil that disturbs its natural balance and harms its living organisms , The human wrong behaviour causes the soil pollution .

The soil pollution affect  the living organisms , It harms the plants , the animals and the human , The soil pollution reduces the ability of the agricultural soil for the cultivation , It causes the death of the plants and it harms the health of the animals and the humans .

The soil pollutants

The soil pollutants are the materials that cause the soil pollution .

There are many soil pollutants as the chemical pesticides , the chemical fertilizers , the industrial wastes and the increasing of the soil salinity .

  1. The chemical pesticides are used to kill the pests of the agricultural crops  , But they contaminate the plants as they leak into the soil , So they harm the humans and the animals health when they feed on these contaminated plants .

  2. The chemical fertilizers are used to compensate the poor soil with the required elements for the plant growth and the formation of its food .

     But the great quantities of the chemical fertilizers causes the death of living organisms that live in the soil and harm the humans and the animals that feed on the plants as the chemical fertilizers leak to the plants that grow in the soil .

    industrial wastes

    The industrial wastes pollute the air , the water and the soil .

  3. The industrial wastes are resulted from the industrial activities , and they pollute the air , the water and the soil , They increase the soil acidification , and they deprive the plants of the soil salts causing the death of the plants as the soil salts are necessary for the plants growth .

  4.  The increasing of the soil salinity due to the increasing of the periods between the irrigation times and the rising in the level of the ground water . It causes the loss of the cultivated plants and affects the plants growth .

Ways to protect the soil from the pollution

  • You should improve the drain age of the agricultural lands .

  • You have to rationalize the use of the various kinds of pesticides and depend mainly on the natural enemies of the insects to feed on the agricultural pests .

  • You should rationalize the use of the chemical fertilizers and you should use the natural fertilizers .

  • You should treat the industrial wastes by following the technological methods .

  • You should establish the factories far from the agricultural areas .

  • You should use the technological investments in the treatment of the waste water before draining it in the lakes and the rivers .

  • You have to recycle the agricultural wastes to produce useful materials .

  • You should irrigate the agricultural lands regularly to prevent the soil salinity .

  • You should promote the environment awareness among the people , especially in the agricultural areas .

 

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