How are the desert plants adapted to their environmental conditions ?
The desert plants
The desert plants are generally small-sized as compared to the plants that grow in the environments which have the water . The desert plants face a shortage in the water and the rain , the strong wind and an extreme rise in the temperature during the daylight .
The adaptation of the desert plants
The roots of the desert plants extend vertically in the soil for the great depths to reach the humid layers of the soil ( to absorb the ground water ) , such as the calamagrostis plant .
The the roots of the desert plants spread horizontally to absorb a large amount of the rain water or the dew , and store it in the stems as in the opuntia plant or in succulent ( juicy ) leaves as in the cactus plant .
the leaves of the desert plants are small-sized , They may be ribbon-like and spiralled , There are a few number of the stomata that lie deeply to reduce the loss of the water by the transpiration as the calamagrostis plant .
the leaves of the desert plants are used in storing the water as in the cactus , The leaves of the desert plants are surrounded with a waxy layer to prevent the water loss by the transpiration as in the cactus .
The leaves of the desert plants are modified ( reduced ) into the spines to reduce the loss of the water during the transpiration process as in the opuntia plant .
The stems of the desert plants are short to avoid the strong winds as in the cactus plant . They may be rich in the chloroplasts to perform the photosynthesis process as in the opuntia plant .
The roots of the calamagrostis plant are branched and extended vertically deep in the soil to absorb the ground water to overcome the water shortage .