The types and reasons of adaptation of the living organisms
The adaptation is a moderation of a living organisms behaviour, body structure, or organs biological functions to become more adapted to the environmental conditions which it lives in.
There are many environments where the living organisms live, and they cope with the environment changes such as climate change, food diversity and the existence of the water.
The types of adaptation
The types of the adaptation are the structural (anatomical) adaptation, the functional adaptation and the behavioural adaptation.
The structural (anatomical) adaptation is an adaptation that studies the structure of one body organ. The horse hoof structure and the camel pad structure are examples of the structural adaptation.
The functional adaptation is an adaptation of some organs, and tissues to do a specific function. Secreting of sweat in humans in case of high temperature and secreting of poison in the snakes are examples of the functional adaptation.
The behavioural adaptation is an adaptation in the activity of some animals in the different times of the daylight.
The birds’ migration at certain times of the year and the activity of the birds during the daylight and the bats at night are examples of the behavioural adaptation.
The reasons of the adaptation
The most important reasons for adaptation are to get food and to escape from their enemies in dangerous situations, through the motion way.