Hormone therapy , Symptoms , Diagnosis and Treatment of Kidney cancer
Symptoms of Kidney cancer
Most kidney cancers grow , And they do not cause any pain or discomfort , Some of kidney cancers are discovered before they begin to cause the symptoms such as when the person has a CT scan of the abdomen for another reason , The renal cell carcinoma can cause a variety of symptoms which seem unrelated to the kidney .
The renal cell carcinoma can spread into the nearby veins , It causes the congestion or blockages within the veins , This tumor can make too much of one or more hormones , The symptoms can result from the tumor itself , from the vein blockage or from the effect of hormones .
The symptoms of the kidney cancer include the blood in the urine , The abdominal pain , a lump in the abdomen , the fatigue , The weight loss , The unexplained fever , The enlarged lymph nodes , And the enlarged veins in the scrotum ( in males ) .
The symptoms of the kidney cancer include also high blood pressure which is not easily controlled , The trouble breathing or the leg pain ( due to the blood clots ) , The swollen abdomen ( due to the excess fluid ) , And the bones which break easily .
Because the person with the kidney cancer may not have any symptoms , The disease may be identified by accident , x-rays is taken to evaluate the different health problem may show the kidney tumor , The kidney cancer is often found after the patient reports the symptoms to the doctor and then has tests to determine what’s wrong .
The abnormal laboratory tests such as the blood and the urine tests can be the first clue which the someone has the kidney cancer , Some abnormal findings are caused by the cancer’s hormonal or the chemical effects on the body.
The abnormal findings might include the anemia ( a low number of the red blood cells ) , The high number of the red blood cells , The abnormal liver function ( usually due to the blocked or the congested vein ) , The abnormal calcium level in the blood , The abnormal kidney function , The blood in the urine , And the fever .
The treatment is determined by the type of the cancer and how far it has spread ( its stage ) , Your age , the general health , and the personal preferences may also affect your treatment choice , The main treatments for the kidney cancer are the surgery , the biological therapy , and the radiation therapy.
The patients with very small kidney cancers may opt to wait on the treatment , Repeat scans are performed periodically , The surgery can be performed or other therapy started if the tumor starts to grow .
The surgery is the most important treatment for the kidney cancer , The chances of surviving without it are poor , The chances of a cure go down if the disease has spread .
If the cancer has spread , The surgery can still help , If the surgeon removes most of the tumor , your immune system and the medical treatments will have less cancer to fight .
During the radical nephrectomy , The surgeon removes the entire kidney , During the partial nephrectomy , The surgeon removes the kidney part that contains the tumor only , And some cancer cells may be left behind .
Depending on the cancer , your surgeon can use the camera-guided procedure known as the laparoscopy , ( It may be called minimally invasive surgery ) , There is another potential option may be the robotic surgery that can be performed through the smaller incisions .