Antibiotics advantages, disadvantages, resistance and use

Antibiotics are medicines that fight bacteria, either by killing the invading bacteria or they weaken them, so, the immune system can fight and kill them more rapidly, Most antibiotics are bacteria fighters and most of them are cost-effective & affordable. Side effects include diarrhea, an upset stomach, and nausea. Antibiotics can’t treat viral infections, such as cold, flu, and most coughs.


Antibiotics are an extremely powerful class of drugs that reduce mortality from many epidemic infectious diseases that are responsible for millions of deaths every year, They are known as the antibacterials, They can destroy or slow down the bacterial growth in the body and they can treat or combat the bacterial infection in the body.

Antibiotics are substances that are obtained from bacteria and fungi, They are used as drugs to fight various diseases caused by harmful microorganisms, They are used to treat many diseases that were fatal before the development of antibiotics, and a few antibiotics are used to treat certain cancers.

Antibiotics can kill bacteria and prevent them from multiplying. Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin, the first natural antibiotic, in 1928, Fleming predicted the rise of antibiotic resistance, Antibiotics treat certain infections and can save lives when used properly.

Advantages of Antibiotics

Antibiotics are effective against infections caused by microorganisms, Some antibiotics are effective against many forms of diseases, They can save the life, They can kill bacteria within the body, They are used as drugs to combat various diseases which are caused by harmful microorganisms.

Antibiotics do not harm other normal body cells, It is possible to treat diseases with antibiotics that were fatal prior to the development of antibiotics, The prescribed antibodies can harm the disease-causing microorganisms but the antibiotics have been developed to attack the human cells for the treatment of cancer.

Macrolide antibiotics are strongly germ-killing medicines, They have been regarded among the best-tolerated antibiotics for almost 50 years, They have a broad antibacterial spectrum, They are simple to use, they have convenient dosing regimens and they are used daily or twice dosing regimens.

The antibiotics have a low incidence of gastrointestinal side effects, They can be used broadly by all age groups, They are safe during the pregnancy period too, They have enhanced acid stabilities, They do not create problems in the tissue and the intracellular penetration and small quantities of antibiotics are used as the food preservatives.

Antibiotics are one class of antimicrobials, a larger group that includes anti-viral, anti-fungal, and anti-parasitic drugs, They are reasonably harmless to humans, They can be used to cure infections caused by bacteria and they are used to treat infectious diseases in animals.

Antibiotics cure diseases by their property of being selectively toxic to the microorganisms, They are used to treat a variety of bacterial diseases, A small number of antibiotics have been developed to attack human cells for the treatment of cancer, They can cure cancer by only damaging the cells that are in the process of dividing.

Disadvantages of Antibiotics

Antibiotics can have many side effects as diarrhea, The overuse of antibiotics is the main concern worldwide, The overuse of antibiotics contributes to the increase in bacterial infections, So, The bacteria are becoming resistant to antibacterial medications.

Antibiotics can kill the healthy bacteria in the body, Sometimes antibiotics can lead to complications such as yeast infections, Some antibiotics may be allergic depending on your drug allergies such as sulfa which is commonly present in many antibiotics.

Many antibiotics will have side effects such as digestion issues, nausea, discomfort, diarrhea, and sensitivity to light, Some antibiotics induce hyper-sensitivity and they can cause an allergic response, Most anti-microbial drugs, antibiotics included cause toxic side effects, Their long-term health hazards are not known.

Antibiotics cause some side effects, The side effects are varied and range from fever and nausea to major allergic reactions, The common side effect is diarrhea as antibiotic disrupts the normal balance of the intestinal flora.

New strains (mutants) formed by the mutations are resistant to the antibiotics, the new mutants are more adaptable and replace the non-mutated ones as they withstand the antibiotic attack.

Antibiotics kill the normal microbial communities in our body, Our body may lose some of the beneficial mutualistic bacteria, Which will upset the normal balance of the existing microflora and the microfauna.

The heavy indiscriminate use of antibiotics in poultry (the meat, the dairy products) production can transfer the residual antibiotics to human food and they can transfer the resistant bacteria to humans.

If the antibiotic is used long enough, The bacteria will mutate to withstand the antibiotic, This is known as antibiotic resistance, Many infection cases are caused by bacteria resistant to some antibiotics, The antibiotic-resistant bacteria create life-threatening infections and dangers that don’t respond to the antibiotics.

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12 Responses

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