Self Driving cars review, features, advantages and disadvantages

Robotic Cars or Self Driving Cars sense their surroundings using technology such as radar, GPS, and computer vision, The sensory information is processed to navigate the appropriate pathways for the vehicle to avoid any obstacles and obey the road signs.

Self-driving cars

A self-driving car is also known as an autonomous car, driverless car, or robotic car (robo-car), It can travel without human input, It uses sensors to perceive its surroundings, such as optical and thermographic cameras, radar, lidar, ultrasound/sonar, GPS, odometry and inertial measurement units, Control systems interpret sensory information to create a three-dimensional model of the vehicle’s surrounding.

A self-driving car identifies an appropriate navigation path and strategies for managing traffic controls (stop signs, etc.) and obstacles. Self Driving Car uses a digital map that can be constantly updated according to the sensory input, This allows the vehicle to adapt to change situations, as well as travel through previously unknown territories.

Advantages of Robot Cars

Robotic cars cause fewer accidents, The human error supposedly causes 93% of all car accidents, They will have faster reaction times compared to human drivers, They will drive faster due to the increased safety, The speed limits can be increased to reflect the safer driving, shortening the journey times.

The inter-vehicle communication rolls out on a wider scale, and each robot takes better defensive actions, Robot cars cause less traffic, They will be able to eliminate the gap that usually occurs when human drivers stop in traffic and they will reduce car theft.

Robot cars can eliminate distracted drivers, You can text, sleep, watch a movie, and play video games while driving, They offer better accessibility, blind people can now drive, There are no more parking issues, There will be no bad drivers and there will be fewer mistakes on the roads.

Robot cars are programmed not to break the laws, If they are safer than human drivers, they may be less dangerous to the bikes on the road, There may be an opportunity to create wider bicycle lanes and better infrastructure.

The computer is an ideal motorist, most car crashes are the result of human error, The computers use complicated algorithms to determine the appropriate stopping distance which reduces the chances of car accidents,  The human-driven cars come at a very high cost in terms of danger.

There is a cost savings associated with the time, When the computer takes over the driving responsibilities, The drivers can use that time to do other things such as catch up on reading or chat with the passengers.

Self-driving cars will improve traffic conditions and congestion, They will reduce the commute times for drivers in high-traffic areas but to maximize gasoline usage, They will communicate with one another to operate most efficiently, helping to identify traffic problems or road risks.

Many cars are equipped with the features in the first stage of automatic driving such as autonomous braking, self-parking, or the sensors that clue the driver into a nearby obstacle, The sensors allow the vehicles to ride closer together which causes less traffic.

Robotic cars can double the capacity of roads, They will be less likely to crash, They are lighter and they reduce fuel consumption, They can eliminate all 93% of human errors, They help people who have difficulties with driving such as disabled people and older citizens.

Robotic cars are lightweight, So, They will decrease the amount of fuel consumption or they can be run on hydrogen and electricity which makes air pollution and fuel consumption a thing of the past.

The use of automated shipping trucks will impact the world’s economy, Robotic cars increase car efficiency and speed, They can reduce insurance premiums for car owners, You do not need driver’s licenses or driving tests.

Robotic cars reduce fatigue from driving, They reduce the arguments over directions and navigation, Efficient travel means fuel savings, cutting costs, and reduced need for safety gaps means that the road capacities for the vehicles would be increased.

The sensory technology can perceive the environment better than the human senses, The robotic cars can see farther ahead, They can see better in poor visibility, They can detect smaller and more subtle obstacles and they can reduce traffic accidents.

Disadvantages of Robot Cars

Cyber security affects robot cars, The car’s computer can be compromised, as could the communication system between the cars, The security behind self-driving cars would be the major obstacle, especially the hacker’s effect on the vehicle’s software and control of its operation.

Robots cars cause loss of driving-related jobs, They cause criminal and terrorist activities, They can be loaded with explosives and they used to drive the bomb to its destination or they can be used in other criminality acts such as getaway vehicles.

Ethical problems arise when the robot car is in an unavoidable crash and it must choose between multiple harmful actions that could lead to death, The self-driving car doesn’t eliminate the likelihood of a car accident and there’s no legal precedent for how the case would be handled.

The ability to operate a self-driving car will require driver education, The cost of implementing the new technology is very high, and the engineering, the power, the computer requirements, the software, and the sensors cost a lot of money.

Self-driving cars will eliminate many jobs in the transportation sector, especially when it comes to freight transportation and taxi drivers, This could harm the unemployment rate and the economy.

Robotic cars can not operate at a high level of safety in all weather conditions, heavy rain affects them & it damages the laser sensor mounted on the car’s roof, and the snow can interfere with its cameras.

Robotic cars depend on accurate mapping systems through GPS which is not always accurate, Many people are worried about handing over all the power to the robotic cars could malfunction and put them in dangerous situations.

Self-driving cars will maneuver through the hazards such as roadblocks or unique local driving laws, It is difficult to identify the different local and state rules of the road and they can not interpret the human traffic signals.

The gasoline industry suffers because self-driving cars would be electric, If self-driving cars are safer and reduce the number of accidents on the road, they will reduce the earnings of personal injury lawyers.

Robotic cars cost a lot of money, and truck drivers and taxi drivers will lose their jobs, The road system and infrastructure would need major upgrades for Self-driving vehicles to operate on them such as the traffic and street lights.

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