The importance and uses of robots in space
The robots in space are devices which used to aid , augment and substitute for the astronauts to do difficult tasks such as the repairs in dangerous environments , and they capture videos and pictures .
The space robots are in all shapes and sizes , they have different functions , they works automatically or by the remote control , and they are under development for the International Space Station .
All the space robots are similar , they have the controller , the actuators , the sensors , the power supply , and the radio communications .
The sensors provide the information about the robot and its environment , and the controller processes the information from the sensors , the ground control provide the radioed instructions , and it sends appropriate command signals to the actuators which convert the command into actions .
The space probes can explore the places which are not accessible to the humans , they operate in the vacuum of the space , they withstand to exposure to the extremes of temperature and the radiation , and they can perform the programmed tasks over long periods without direct human supervision .
The outer planets such as Saurn , Uranus and Neptune are too distant to reach with the current crewed spaceflight technology , and the telerobotic probes are the only way to explore them .
The Telerobotics Servicer help the astronauts assemble the Space Station that which was growing bigger and more complex with each redesign .
The robotic spacecraft is a spacecraft with no humans on board , and they are under telerobotic control , they are designed to make the scientific research measurements is often called a space probe .
Many space missions are more suited to telerobotic rather than crewed due to their lower cost and lower risk factors and man can not make a research on Jupiter or Venus .
The robotic spacecraft provides overall mechanical integrity of the spacecraft and it ensures the spacecraft components are supported and can withstand the launch loads .
The robotic spacecraft can collect and report the mission data such as the photographic images , it maintain the spacecraft clock , it can collect and report the spacecraft telemetry data such as the spacecraft health , and it can command sequence storage .
The robots in space have the ability to move and they can manipulate objects plus the flexibility to perform any combination of these tasks autonomously or by the remote control .
The robotic spacecraft can perform an action in the space such as position an instrument to take a measurement , it can collect a sample for examination , it can assemble a structure and it can move around an astronaut .