The ways of heat transfer through different media
The heat energy
The friction is a method to generate the heat as a principle of converting the kinetic energy ( the mechanical energy ) into the heat energy , The heat energy is a form of energy which is transferred from the object of higher temperature to that of lower one .
The temperature is directly proportional to the particles kinetic energy , it is the condition which states the direction of the heat energy whether from or to the object when it comes in contact with another .
The ways of heat transfer
The transfer of heat by conduction
Conduction is the transfer of heat through the solids from the part of higher temperature to the part of lower temperature , and it is the energy transport due to molecular motion .
Good thermal conductors are also good at conducting electricity such as copper, silver, gold, and platinum , the cooking pans are made of copper and aluminum because they are good conductors of heat .
The transfer of heat by convection
Convection is the transfer of heat in the gases and liquids , where hot molecules which have less density rise upwards , while colder molecules which have more density fall down .
The freezer of the fridge is found at the top of the fridge , when the air is cooled , its density increases , So , it falls down to cool the food in the refrigerator , while the hot air ( of low density ) rises up to be cooled again .
The electric heater is placed at the bottom of the room , when the air ( around the heater ) is heated , its density decreases , So , it rises up to warm the room , while the cold air ( of high density ) falls down to be heated again .
The transfer of heat by radiation
The Sun is transferred to us by radiation , and the transfer of heat by radiation does not need any material medium , Radiation is the transfer of heat from hot objects to another without any need for a material medium through which the heat transfers .
Heat transfer by radiation is the energy transport due to emission of electromagnetic waves or photons from a surface or volume , The radiation does not require a heat transfer medium , and it can occur in a vacuum .
The heat of the Sun does not reach to the Earth by conduction or convection as the transfer of heat by conduction and convection needs medium .
There is a space ( vacuum ) between the sun and the Earth , So the Sun’s heat transfers by radiation only , and the heat is being carried from the fire to the man’s hands by radiation .