The types and the properties of the soil
|The types of the soil are the sand soil , the silt soil and the clay soil .|
What are the types of the soil ?
You can see the soil around you , You will notice the different crops which are planted in the different types of the soil , The soil can be classified into three different types according to the kind of the particles ( the components ) that form it .
The types of the soil are the sand soil , the silt soil and the clay soil .
The sand soil
The sand soil is the soil that rarely contains the humus , and It composed mainly of the sand particles , a small amount of the clay and the silt .
The sand soil is called by this name as it is composed mainly of the sand particles .
The sand soil properties
The fertility of the sand soil is low .
It is well aerated soil that has low absorption of the water .
The size of its particles is large .
The colour of the sand soil is yellow .
It is weekly composed ( loose ) .
It has the fastest and the greatest drainage of the water .
The silt soil
You should know that the silt soil is the soil that contains more humus , and it composed of a mixture of the equal amounts of the sand , the gravels , the silt and the clay .
The silt soil properties
The colour of the silt soil is grey .
The size of its particles is medium ( between the sand soil particles and the clay soil particles .
It is moderately aerated soil that has medium absorption of the water .
It is moderately compacted .
It has high fertility .
It has the medium drainage of the water .
The clay soil
The clay soil composed mainly of the clay and the silt particles , and a small amount of the sand and the humus .
The clay soil is called by this name as it is composed mainly of the clay and the silt particles .