The Flood advantages and disadvantages
The flood is the large body of water in some areas where it becomes destructive and impedes the natural cycle of living organisms , It may be the result of long periods of the heavy rain , or the rivers or the lakes , When the temperature is high , It can cause the flooding as they cause the ice caps and the snow to melt quickly .
The Flood advantages
You have to know that there are many benefits of the flooding despite its immediate ill effects , For the farmers and the people in the agricultural sector , It helps them in the long run by providing the nutrients to the soil that were lacking , It makes the soil more fertile and increases the agricultural production .
It is very important to know that the nutrients are also added to the rivers and the lakes , They improve the health of the fishes that can be consumed , There may be the relocation of fishes and the organisms living in the water bodies , The flooding may improve the ecosystem , New predators and prey are introduced to the areas , balancing the aquatic population .
You have to know that the floodplains are the relatively flat lands adjacent to the body of water such as the river or the stream which become flooded ( inundated with the water ) when the channel capacity is exceeded , And the floodplain surrounding the river is used as the agricultural land .
You should know that the floodplains are the dynamic natural systems , The natural processes of the periodic flooding , accompanied by the erosion and the deposition , They bring changes to the topography , the soils , the vegetation , and the physical features within these areas over time .
You have to know that the floodplains provide the wide range of benefits to the ecosystem and the community that include , The flood storage and the erosion control offer the broad area for the streams and the rivers to spread out and accommodate the temporary storage of the flood water , reducing the flood peaks and the erosion potential .
It is very important to know that the flood offers the groundwater recharge , It offers the habitat for the variety of fish and the wildlife , including the rare and the endangered species , It offers the biological productivity , They provide the fertile soils with high rate of plant growth and diversity , richer the agricultural harvests , and healthier forests .
Disadvantages of the Flood
The heavy floods can be so disastrous that the infrastructure is washed away , The people and the animals drown , and the people can be stranded for long periods , The society and the economy of the country will suffer in many ways after the flood .
You have to know that the loss of the lives , the vegetation , and the infrastructure means there will be fewer people on the labor force , less agriculture available for the locals and the exportation , and less businesses to contribute to the economy of the country .
It is very important to know that there will be mass dislocation of people , many people may be left homeless and jobless , So , The government will have to spend a little more , The country may seek the assistance from the foreign countries to supply the food and the materials to clean and replace the infrastructure .
You have to know that the flood water can be dangerous when they have more depth and speed , It is very danger to walk or drive through the flood water when they are six inches of water that can cause unstable footing , and two feet of water can cause the car to be swept away .
It is very important to know that more people drown in their cars in the floods than anywhere else , The floods and the storms also knock down the power lines , And the electrical currents can travel through the water .
The flood water may carry the silt , the raw sewage , the oil , or the chemical waste , If you can wear the gloves and the boots to avoid coming into contact with the flood water , If you touch the flood water , you are advised to wash your hands thoroughly .
You have to know that if the wells are flooded , The well will be contaminated , If you are on the public water system , You should listen to the TV or the radio to know if it has become contaminated , The flood waters can also damage the structures and the contents .
It is very important to know that the rivers , especially the big ones can cause a lot of mayhem , When they flood , they destroy the livelihoods , They cause the economic damage and they kill the people .