Observing the space and the invention of Telescopes
The astronomical telescope
Who was the first scientist who made the astronomical telescope?
” Galileo ” was the first scientist who made an astronomical telescope in 1609. It was made from the lenses to collect the light in his telescope, He managed to see the mountains of the moon through his telescope.
The telescopes differ according to the type of rays that they receive such as visual light rays, infrared rays & ultraviolet rays.
In the observatories, The astronomers can work and telescopes are kept. The observatories are located over high mountains to obtain a clear vision for space and monitoring it accurately.
It is the most famous space monitoring telescope that revolves around the Earth in an orbit of 593 km higher than the surface of the sea.
It is expected that Hubble telescope will be expired by 2014, after 24 years of being operated, Hubble telescope will fall to Earth in one of its oceans for its final destination.
It provided us with the best photos of Earth and the space since 1990 and the new James web telescope will replace it.
Sputnik was the first satellite that successfully launched in an orbit around the Earth in 1957, Several satellites and space stations were launched in orbits around the Earth, They regularly send their photos about the Earth and the spacious universe.