The wind power advantages and disadvantages
Advantages of wind power
The wind is free and with modern technology it can be captured efficiently , The wind energy is friendly to the surrounding environment as no fossil fuels are burnt to generate the electricity from the wind energy .
The wind is the moving air, It possesses some kinetic energy due to its high speed , The wind is a result of the solar energy as heating of land results in the movement of the air , the wind power is renewable and there is no way we can run out of it as the wind energy originates from the sun .
When the wind turbine is built , The energy it produces does not cause the green house gases or other pollutants , The wind turbines take up less space than the average power station , This allows the land around the turbine to be used for many purposes such as the agriculture .
The wind turbines are a great resource to generate the energy in remote locations such as the mountain communities and remote countryside , The wind turbines can be a range of different sizes in order to support varying population levels .
The wind energy is an inexhaustible source of energy and it is virtually a limitless resource , The energy is generated without polluting environment , It has tremendous potential to generate the energy on large scale .
The wind power taps a natural physical resource , the windmill generators do not emit any emissions that can lead to the acid rain or the greenhouse effect , The wind Energy can be used directly as mechanical energy .
The wind turbines provide clean and effective way of producing the power for home or business , They are built in the form of vertical axis and horizontal axis , And the wind power is a clean fuel source .
The wind energy is a green energy source and does not cause the pollution , The potential of wind power is enormous , 20 times more than what the entire human population needs , And the operational costs associated with the wind power are low.
Disadvantages of wind power
The strength of the wind is not constant and it varies from zero to storm force , So , The wind turbines do not produce the same amount of electricity all the time , There will be times when they produce no electricity at all .
The wind turbines produce less electricity than the average fossil fuel power station , requiring multiple wind turbines to be built in order to make an impact , And they are built away from the places where demand of electricity is there , Transmission from such places increases cost of electricity .
When the wind turbines are being manufactured some pollution is produced , Therefore the wind power produce some pollution , The wind turbine construction can be very expensive and costly to surrounding wildlife during the build process .
Large wind farms are needed to provide entire communities with enough electricity , The largest single turbine available today can only provide enough electricity for 475 homes , Protests and petitions usually confront any proposed wind farm development .
The noise pollution from commercial wind turbines is sometimes similar to a small jet engine , ِAlthough the wind energy is non polluting , And the turbines may create a lot of noise .
Due to large scale construction of wind turbines on remote location , The wind turbines require them to be dig deep into the earth which could have negative effect on the underground habitats .
The wind can never be predicted , The wind turbines are suited to the coastal regions which receive the wind throughout the year to generate the power , So , The countries that do not have any coastal or hilly areas may not be able to take any advantage of wind power .
The wind energy can be harnessed only in those areas where the wind is strong enough and the weather is windy for most parts of the year , And the wind energy requires large open areas for setting up the wind farms .
The wind is intermittent source of energy and it is not suited to meet the base load energy demand unless some form of energy storage is utilized , And Maintenance cost of wind turbines is high .
The manufacturing and installation of wind turbines requires heavy upfront investments , both in commercial and residential applications , The wind turbines can be a threat to the wildlife .