The extinction and using the fossils to indicate the extinction

The extinction

The extinction is the continuous decrease without the compensation in the number of a certain species of the living organisms until all the members of the species die out or it is the dying out of all the members of species of the living organisms .

Dinosaur fossil

The dinosaurs became extinct 66 million years ago

The moment of the extinction is the date of the death of the last individual of these species and most dinosaurs became extinct 66 million years ago due to the environmental and the climatic changes .

The extinction is the end of the organism or of a group of organisms (taxon) , normally a species , The moment of the extinction is considered to be the death of the last individual of the species .

The species is extinct when the last existing member dies , The extinction becomes a certainty when there are no surviving individuals that can reproduce and create a new generation , The species may become functionally extinct when only a handful of the individuals survive .

Using the fossils to indicate the extinction

Studying the fossil record shows the terrestrial life ( the wild life ) appeared 570 million years ago , It witnessed ages when the species flourished , and then they suffered from rapid decrease in the number of its members until they became extinct .

98 % of the organisms such as the dinosaurs appeared and became extinct before the creation of man , The ratio of the known living organisms now does not exceed 2 % of the total species that have appeared since the establishment of the planet Earth , The fossils of some fish , reptiles and the birds are not similar to their living counterparts now .

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