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The role of the muscles in performing the movement

The muscular system

The muscular system is the engine that moves our body , where the muscles generate the mechanical energy and the movement to the body due to the ability of the muscular cells to contract and relax .

The muscles are fixed to the bones by the long strips called the tendons , So , when the muscles contract and relax , they move the bones .

The muscular system is responsible for the movement of the human body , It attached to the bones of the skeletal system which are about 650 named muscles that make up roughly half of a person’s body weight .

Muscular system

The human muscular system

The human body contains 650 muscles , The biggest muscle in size is at the bottom of the body while the smallest muscle is in the ear , The human use 200 muscles during the walking .

The types of the muscles

There are two types of the muscles which are the voluntary muscles and the involuntary muscles , The voluntary muscles are the muscles that can move  willingly , and you can control its movement , The voluntary muscles as the limbs muscles , the trunk muscles , the face muscles and the abdominal wall muscles .

The involuntary muscles  are the muscles that can move automatically and you can not control or even aware of their movement , The involuntary muscles as the gastrointestinal tract , the blood vessels , and the bladder muscles .

Types of muscles cells

Types of muscles cells

The role of the muscles in the movement of the fore arms

The front muscle contracts and the back muscle relaxes , this causes the bending ( moving up ) of the arm by the help of the elbow joint .

The front muscle relaxes and the back muscle contracts , this causes extending ( move down ) of the arm by the help of the elbow joint .

The effect of the contraction or the relaxation of the muscles is transferred to the elbow joint bones by the tendons that links between the muscles and the bones .

Muscular system , Structure of skeletal muscle , Muscles properties & functions

Skeletal system , Axial skeleton ( vertebral column , Skull & thoracic cage )

Skeletal system , Appendicular skeleton structure and importance

Mechanism of muscle contraction , motor unit , muscle fatigue & Huxely’s theory of sliding filaments

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