What are the properties of the soils ?

The properties of the soils

Soil types

The types of the soils .

The sand soil is well aerated soil that has low absorption of the water , The clay soil is poorly aerated soil that has highly absorption of the water , and the silt soil is moderated aerated soil that has moderately absorption of the water .

The particles of the sand soil are large in size , the particles of the silt soil are medium in size , and particles of the clay soil are small in size .

The clay , silt and sand soils are different in compactness , You should know that the particles of the clay soil are highly compacted ( hard ) , The particles of the sand soil are weakly compacted ( loose ) , And the particles of the silt soil are moderately compacted .

The sand soil is well aerated soil , It has low absorption of the water , You should know that the clay soil is poorly aerated soil that has highly absorption of the water , And the silt soil is moderately aerated soil that has moderately absorption of the water .

The well aerated soil has non- compacted particles and vice versa , The clay soil is poorly aerated as it has highly compacted particles .

The sand soil has the fastest and greatest drainage of the water  and the lowest retention of the water . The clay soil has the slowest drainage of the water and the highest retention of the water .

The silt soil has the medium drainage of the water and medium retention of the water , The silt soil is rich in the humus so , it is  highly fertile and , it is the most suitable soil for cultivation .

The clay soil is fertile , It has a medium amount of the humus and the sand soil is less fertility as it is poor in the humus .

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