Blood cancer Symptoms , Types and Treatment

What is blood cancer ?

The blood cancers or the hematologic cancers affect the production and function of your blood cells , Most of these cancers start in your bone marrow where the blood is produced , The stem cells in your bone marrow mature and develop into three types of blood cells which are red blood cells , white blood cells , or the platelets .

In the most blood cancers , Normal blood cell development process is interrupted by the uncontrolled growth of the abnormal type of the blood cell , These abnormal blood cells or cancerous cells prevent your blood from performing many of its functions such as fighting off infections or preventing serious bleeding .

The cancerous formation can attack any organic system of the human physiology , As part of the blood cancer , the rapidly multiplying cancerous cells are found attacking the different aspects of the circulatory system , Besides the blood and the lymphatic system , the bone marrow can also be the focus of attack .

Types of blood cancers

Leukemia is cancer that originates in the blood-forming tissue , It  is a type of cancer found in your blood and bone marrow , It is caused by the rapid production of the abnormal white blood cells , The high number of abnormal white blood cells can not fight the infection , and they impair the ability of the bone marrow to produce red blood cells and the platelets .

Blood cancer

Blood cancer

Leukaemia affects your white blood cells , These are the important , infection-fighting part of your immune system , they made in your bone marrow , The acute leukaemia comes on suddenly , progresses quickly and it needs to be treated urgently , Chronic leukaemia develops more slowly , over months or years .

Lymphoma is the type of blood cancer which affects the lymphatic system that removes the excess fluids from your body and it produces the immune cells , Lymphocytes are the type of white blood cell which fight the infection .

The abnormal lymphocytes become lymphoma cells that multiply and they collect in your lymph nodes and the other tissues , Over time , these cancerous cells impair your immune system .

Hodgkin lymphoma is the cancer which develops in the lymphatic system from the cells called the lymphocytes , Hodgkin lymphoma is marked by the presence of the abnormal lymphocyte called Reed-Sternberg cell ( or B lymphocyte ) .

Myeloma is the cancer of the plasma cells , The plasma cells are white blood cells which produce disease and infection-fighting antibodies in your body , Myeloma cells prevent the normal production of the antibodies , leaving your body’s immune system weakened and susceptible to the infection .

Blood cancer symptoms

There are some common blood cancer symptoms which are fever , chills , persistent fatigue , the weakness , loss of appetite , nausea , the unexplained weight loss , night sweats , bone/joint pain , And the abdominal discomfort .

blood cancer symptoms includes also shortness of breath , the headaches , frequent infections , itchy skin or skin rash , swollen lymph nodes in the neck , underarms , And groin .

Blood cancer treatment & therapy options

The blood cancer affects the large number of people , The treatment for the blood cancer depends on the type of the cancer , your age , how fast the cancer is progressing , where the cancer has spread and other factors .

Some common blood cancer treatments include the stem cell transplantation , The stem cell transplant infuses healthy blood-forming stem cells into the body , Stem cells can be collected from the bone marrow , circulating ( peripheral ) blood and the umbilical cord blood .

The chemotherapy is the use of anticancer drugs designed to interfere with and halt the growth of cancer cells in the body , Chemotherapy for the blood cancer sometimes consists of giving several drugs together in a set regimen , It may also be given before a stem cell transplant .

The chemotherapy involves taking the drugs which destroy the cancer cells which are growing and multiplying , hopefully putting it into remission or significantly slowing down the progression of the disease , Because the cancer cells grow and multiply faster than the healthy cells .

The radiation therapy or Radiotherapy works by using high-energy X-rays to kill the cancer cells , It may be used to destroy the cancer cells or to relieve pain or discomfort , It may also be given before the stem cell transplant , And it can treat some types of leukaemia and lymphoma .

The radiotherapy can also damage the normal cells that can cause the side effects , These vary greatly for each person , some experiencing mild symptoms such as tiredness while for others it can be more debilitating .

When radiotherapy finishes , most of your body’s healthy cells will continue to grow normally again , But Radiotherapy can have long-term side effects .

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