5G network features, uses, importance, dangers, What is 5g technology & How it works?
5G is the fifth generation of the latest cellular technology, It is developed to increase the speed of wireless networks, 5G technology can handle thousands of traffic than today’s networks and it is 10 times faster than 4G, you can download Videos, Media files just in seconds, 5G is the foundation of VR (Virtual Reality) and IoT (Internet of Things).
What is 5g technology & how it works
5G is the fifth generation of wireless network, It will be based upon the combination of the existing wireless technologies like GSM, Wi-Fi, LTE etc and the new radio access technologies, Most people can do their own works within seconds with new technology, If you need to order something from somewhere you can do it within seconds on your smart device.
5th generation technology comes with many features that are beneficial for all group of people including, students, professionals (doctors, engineers, teachers, governing bodies, administrative bodies, etc.), 5G network will benefit not only business person but also the commoners, There are several new things that will emerge along with 5G network making it more reliable & efficient.
The 5G technology based devices operate in many bands from 3 to 300 GHz, The frequency ranges below 6 GHz is used for 5G macro optimized, 3 to 30 GHz for 5G small cells, 30 to 100 GHz for 5G Ultra Dense and 30 to 300 GHz is used for 5G millimeter wave.
The data rates of about 10 Gbps or higher can be achieved, This offer better user experience as download and upload speeds are higher, Latency of less than 1 ms can be achieved in 5G mm-wave, This leads to immediate connection establishment & release of the 5G network by 5G smartphones, so, traffic load will be decreased on 5G base stations.
5G Network advantages
5G technology supports heterogeneous services, It can offer uniform, uninterrupted, and consistent connectivity across the world, You can know the weather and location while talking with the other person, You can control your PCs by handsets, Education & Medical Treatment will become easier & frugal, The doctor can treat the patient located in a remote part of the world.
The governmental organization can monitor any part of the world, It is possible to reduce the crime rate, Visualizing universe, galaxies, and planets will be possible, It is possible to locate and search the missing person, natural disaster including tsunami and Earthquakes can be detected faster, 5G network offers uninterrupted and consistent connectivity, It allows access to parallel multiple services, and it can access remote places.
5G Network can increase Bandwidth for all users, the bandwidth is the amount of “space” available for the people who are using data to download files, view internet pages, and watch videos, The less bandwidth that is available, the slower everyone’s devices will run, there will be more bandwidth on the data networks of companies such as Verizon, T-Mobile and Sprint.
5G technology comes with high resolution & bi-directional large bandwidth shaping, It can collect all networks on one platform, It is more effective & efficient, It can facilitate subscriber supervision tools for quick action, It will offer huge broadcasting data (in Gigabit), which will support more than 60,000 connections and it is easily manageable with the previous generations.
The 5G network will help you to browse the web, download files & stream video at blistering speeds, While people on 3G and 4G networks may struggle to download files or watch videos for minutes, this will not be a problem with 5G networks, Due to the increased bandwidth, the people will use more of it & they will enjoy faster speed, With more of the network dedicated to each individual smart device, smart devices will run faster than ever before.
Smart devices operating on a 5G network will operate at speeds that are thousands of times faster than on a 4G network, Many tasks that could only be performed on a desktop or laptop computer in the past could suddenly be performed on a smart device, such as email and web browsing.
5G will offer a higher capacity than the existing 4G network, It is expected to increase the data rates beyond 1gb per second and will offer higher broadband density to the users, There will be low latency (stop delays) and low battery consumption while using 5G, so, it will increase the battery life up to 10 years & reduce network energy usage by 90%.
Many computers will be able to access simultaneous connections at a very high rate, spectral efficiency will also be increased in the 5G network, 5G network will offer better usage of smartphones by increasing their speed, It will introduce VR ( virtual reality) and AR ( Augmented reality) in the smartphone sector, 5G will offer the biggest change by starting the era of driverless smart cars & smart homes.
5G technology will come up with advanced functionalities as compared to 4G, the data bandwidth in 4G is 2Mbps to 1Gbps, 5G network will allow greater bandwidth i.e higher than 1Gbps, The frequency band will also be very high as compared to 4G, 5G network will use technologies like seamless integration of broadband LAN, WAN, MAN, It will follow CDMA and BDMA standards, It will allow dynamic information access, and HD streaming will work on-demand.
5g technology dangers
5G network will be used to solve all radio signal problems and hardship of the mobile world, but due to some security reason & lack of technological advancement in most of the geographic regions, it has some shortcomings, It is still under research, 5G is unsupported technology, Many old devices would not be competent to 5G network, So, you have to replace your devices with 5g supported devices, It may cost some much money.
Several parts of the world may not allow huge speed increase, there are radio signal problems, High-cost investment for developing infrastructure, 5G network has security & privacy issues, 5G technology requires skilled engineers to install & maintain 5G network, 5G equipment are costly, This increases the cost of 5G deployment & maintenance phases, and 5G smartphones will be costly.
Coverage distance is up to 2 meters (in indoor) and 300 meters (in outdoor) can be achieved due to higher losses at high frequencies, 5G mm-wave suffers from many such losses, Radios, cell towers, and satellites communicate by using radio frequencies, Frequency is measured in Hz and the radio frequencies operate in the GHz range, Early reports on the 5G network indicate that this network is going to transmit its data in the range of around 6 GHz, Unfortunately, this radio frequency range is already crowded by other signals.
3G cell towers could cover immense territory with relatively few cells because the network did not require as much bandwidth, meaning networks had to deploy fewer cells, When technology progressed to 4G networks, the cells were producing more bandwidth, So, the coverage radius of each cell was smaller.
People may have noticed that their coverage may drop more often than on their 3G network, As the 5G network gets rolled out, More cell towers will be required to produce this immense bandwidth because the cells can’t cover as much space like the 3G or 4G cells, More cells will need to be rolled out, So, 5G users should expect that their coverage may not be as widespread at first.