The metalloids and the difference between the positive ion and the negative ion

The metalloids

The metalloids are semi-metallic elements which have the properties of both the metals and the nonmetals, It is difficult to know the metalloids from their outermost electrons due to the difference of the numbers of the electrons in their valencies shells.

The metalliods

The metalloids

The positive ion

The positive ion (the cation) is the atom of a metallic element that loses one electron or more during the chemical reactions, The positive ion carries positive charges equal to the number of the lost electrons.

The positive ion

The positive ion protons are more than that of its electrons

The number of the protons of the positive ion is more than that of its electrons, The electronic structure of the positive ion is similar to that of the nearest preceding inert gas.

The number of energy levels in the positive ion is less than the number of energy levels in its atom.

The negative ion

The negative ion (the anion) is an atom of a nonmetallic element that gains one electron or more during the chemical reactions, The number of the electrons of the negative ion is more than that of its protons.

The negative ion

The number of energy levels in the negative ion is equal to the number of the energy levels in its atom.

The negative ion carries the negative charges equal to the number of the gained electrons.

You notice that the number of the energy levels in the negative ion is equal to the number of the energy levels in its atom.

The electronic structure of the negative ion is similar to that of the nearest inert gas that follows.

 Metallic & nonmetallic property, Acidic & basic property in the periodic table

Radius property, Ionization potential, Electron affinity & Electronegativity

Modern periodic table and classification of Elements

You may also like...

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *