Robots in radioactive environment importance and uses
The robots are developed to minimize the human effort and they increase the quality of work , They are used in many fields such as the radioactive environment , They present in the nuclear power plants , The radiations are very harmful to the human beings , even leading to the deaths .
The Robot is the programmable multi-functional manipulator designed to move the materials , the parts & the tools through the variable programmed motion of the performance of many tasks , The robots may not injure the human and they must obey the orders given to them by the human beings .
Advantages of robots in radioactive environment
There are many hazardous environments such as the nuclear reactors , outside earth’s atmosphere , and even behind the enemy lines in war , The robots are used to prevent the human exposure to the radiations in nuclear power plants .
The robots are developed to be used in the areas inaccessible to the human beings , Even though these robots are highly expensive , They reduce the strain of the humans and they are also cheaper than the skilled workers in long run and the radioactive environment causes high energy radiations .
The radiations are emitted by the radioactive materials , There is a limitation of the time and dose for which the professional worker can be exposed to the nuclear radiations according to the international regulations , so , It very useful to use the robots in such an environment .
With improving the technology and growing perception of the need to keep the human workers away from high radiation areas , more competitive robotic systems are increasingly becoming available , The robots are used to isolate the nuclear power plants from surroundings in case of the nuclear power plant disaster .
The robots help the humans in many different ways , mostly being able to do the task that could be harmful toward the average human being , So , in the society , The robots perform important tasks which the human being can not perform because of the tasks are dangerous or harmful to the health .
The human safety is of prime concern in the radioactive environments , The humans are prone to detrimental health effects like the cancer , The cancer is considered as the primary health effect caused mainly due to the radiation .
The radiation can lead to the changes in DNA , They are called as the mutations , Sometimes the body fails to repair these mutations or even creates the mutations during repair , The genetic mutations are often passed on to the offspring , These are some of the health problems that are being faced by the humans in the radioactive environments .
There are different types of the robots that are used in the nuclear power plants that reduce the human exposure to the harmful and dangerous radiations such as alpha , beta and gamma , In the critical place such as the nuclear power plant , The manual work is difficult .
The robots with properly automated can be used to control the nuclear power plants and they can be used to avert the nuclear power plant disasters , The robots can be used for the disposal of the radioactive waste , while the contamination is the accidental and avoidable phenomenon , The radiation is continuous and affects the operators work areas .
The radioactive environment is full of high energy emissions such as α , β and γ radiations , These radiations are emitted by the radioactive materials , The professional workers working in such environments face serious health hazards , The regular repair and maintenance activities at the nuclear power plants cause some risks of contamination and irradiation .
The legal regulations establish that when the worker reaches the specific dose limit , the worker can not work in the areas subject to the radiation for a given period of time , this increase the maintenance cost services because the workers only operate for short periods of time .