The atomic size of the elements in the periodic table

The periodic table

The atomic size decreases in the periods and increases in the groups.

The atomic radius is used as a measure for the atomic size of the atom, and its measuring unit is picometre (Pm), The picometre is part from million of million part of a metre.

There is a graduation of the atomic size of the elements in the periodic table where the atomic size for the elements of the same period is inversely proportional to the atomic number.

The atomic size decreases in the periods by increasing the atomic number (from the left to the right), due to the increase of the attraction force between the positive nucleus, and the outermost electrons.

The atomic size for the elements of the same group is directly proportional to the atomic number, The atomic size increases in the groups, by increasing the atomic number (from up to down), due to the increase of the number of the energy levels occupied by the electrons.

The nucleus is positively charged as it contains the protons, and the neutral neutrons, In the modern periodic table, You notice that the largest atom of the elements in size is cesium atom, and the smallest one is fluorine.

The graduation of the metallic and nonmetallic property in the modern periodic table

Atoms components, Rutherford and Bohr’s Atomic Models

Evolution concept of the atomic structure, Atomic theory & Properties of cathode rays

Modern periodic table and classification of Elements

Chemical combination, Types of bonds (Chemical bonds & Physical bonds)

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