Agricultural robots advantages and disadvantages
The agricultural robotics is the logical proliferation of the automation technology into the bio-systems such as the agriculture , the forestry , the green house , the horticulture and fisheries , It is replacing the common techniques to perform the same tasks with high efficiency .
The agricultural robots are the robots deployed for the agricultural purposes , The main area of application of robots in the agriculture today is at the harvesting stage , the possible emerging application are the robots or the drones for the weed control .
Applying the automation to the agriculture help create the several advancements to the industry while helping the farmers save the money and the time , Some of the scientist contributions are the mobile robot , the flying robot , the forester robot , Demeter that are exclusively used for the agriculture .
Even in the developing countries , the farmers are interested in using the robots to tend the fields of crops , pick the fruit or even maintain the animal , The agriculture robots should have the human interaction to compensate for programming complexity issues .
The mechanical design consists of the end effector , manipulator and gripper , the design of the manipulator includes the task , the economic efficiency, and the required motions , The end effector in the agricultural robot is the device found at the end of the robotic arm , And it is used for various agricultural operations .
Agricultural robots advantages
The robots do not get sick or tired and they do not need the time off , They can operate with closer tolerances ( so , every round is at full field capacity ) , They offer fewer errors and at higher speeds , And the higher quality products can be sensed by the machines accurately .
As the machines can be made lighter and cheaper if the driver’s seat , controls and cab can be eliminated , The robots can be used in various fields in the agriculture , The robots can easily work around the trees , the rocks , the ponds and the other obstacles .
The robots can reduce up to 80% of farm’s use of pesticide , The robots may perform more or different tasks in the future , The robots can create the jobs for the people who have to make the robots and who have to fix the robots .
The robots have many fields of application in the agriculture such as the Merlin Robot Milker , Rosphere , Harvest Automation , Orange Harvester , lettuce bot , and the weeder , Another field of application is the horticulture , One horticultural application is the development of RV 100 by Harvest Automation Inc .
RV100 is used in handling and organizing the potted plants include the spacing capabilities , the collection , and the consolidation , RV100 for this task offers high placement accuracy , the autonomous outdoor and the indoor function , and reduced production costs .
The idea of applying the robotics technology in the agriculture is very new , In the agriculture , the opportunities for the robot-enhanced productivity are immense and the robots are appearing on the farms in various guises and in increasing numbers .
You can expect the robots performing the agricultural operations autonomously such as the spraying and the mechanical weed control , the fruit picking , allowing the farmers to reduce the environmental impact , increase the precision and efficiency , and manage individual plants in novel ways .
The robotics are spreading every day to cover further domains , as the chance of replacing the human operators provides the effective solutions with return on the investment , The robotics do the difficult tasks that are harmful to the health of the workers , So , They offer the safety for the workers .
The robots can protect the human workers from the harmful effects of handling the chemicals by the hand and through the system of high spraying , And they can reduce up to 80% of a farms use of pesticides .
The fruit picking robots , The driver-less tractor / the sprayer , and the sheep shearing robots are designed to replace the human labor , a lot of factors have to be considered such as the size and color of the fruit to be picked , before the commencement of the task .
The robots can be used for the other horticultural tasks like the pruning , the weeding , the spraying and the monitoring , They can be used in the livestock applications ( the livestock robotics ) such as the automatic milking , washing and castrating .
The robots in the agricultural industry offers the higher quality of fresh produce , lower production costs , and the smaller need for the manual labor , They can be used to automate the manual tasks such as the weed or the bracken spraying where the use of tractors and the other manned vehicles is too dangerous for the operators .
The rice planters plant rice in the rice fields , The robotic milkers milk cows in the barns or in the milking factories , and the fruit pickers pick the fruit in the fruit fields , And the robots are programmed depending on their tasks , The robotic milker and the fruit picker are multi-functional while the rice planter is not .
The heavy chemicals or the drugs dispensers , manure or the fertilizers spreaders are the activities that concerned by the deployment of unmanned options , The agricultural robots use the combination of the advanced sensors , the cameras , the software, and the technology .
Agricultural robots disadvantages
It costs a lot of money to make or buy the robots , They need the maintenance to keep them running , The farmers can lose their jobs , The robots can change the culture / the emotional appeal of the agriculture and the energy issues are costly .
The robots may be more acceptable to the non-farm community , The jobs in the agriculture require intelligence and quick , And the robots can be substituted with the human operator .