What are the bad effects and health risks of smoking?

Smoking effects

Smoking is one of the biggest causes of death and illness , It harms nearly every organ of the body and affects the person’s overall health , It causes about 90% of the lung cancers , And it also causes the cancer in many other parts of the body .

The tobacco can damage the woman’s reproductive health and it hurts the babies , The tobacco use is linked with reduced fertility and a higher risk of the miscarriage , the early delivery ( premature birth ) , and stillbirth .

The tobacco causes the low birth-weight in the infants , It has been linked to a higher risk of the birth defects and the sudden infant death syndrome ( SIDS )  too .

Smoking can cause the ectopic pregnancy in the women ,  It occurs  when the fertilized egg implants somewhere other than the uterus , So ,  the egg can’t survive , and if left untreated , it can be life-threatening for the mother, Smoking also causes reduced fertility , It makes it more difficult to get pregnant .

Cigarette components

Cigarette components

The cigarettes contain more than 4000 chemical compounds and at least 400 toxic substances  , When you inhale , The cigarette burns at 700°C at the tip and around 60°C in the core . This heat breaks down the tobacco to produce the various toxins , As the cigarette burns , the residues are concentrated towards the butt .

The cigarettes products that are most damaging the body such as the tar which is a carcinogen ( a substance that causes the cancer ) , the nicotine which is addictive and it may have the side effects including increasing the risk of atherosclerosis , high blood pressure & the heart disease , carbon monoxide which reduces oxygen in the body , And the components of the gas and particulate phases that cause the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ( COPD ) .

The smokers are more likely to get the cancer than the non-smokers , The tobacco causes the lung cancer , the throat cancer and the mouth cancer, which rarely affect the non-smokers .

The more cigarettes you smoke in a day , and the longer you’ve smoked , the higher your risk of the lung cancer , So , the risk rises , When the deeper you inhale and the earlier in the life you started smoking .

If you smoke , the risk of contracting the mouth cancer is four times higher than for a non-smoker , The cancer can start in many areas of the mouth , It is most common on or underneath the tongue , or on the lips .

There are another types of cancer that are more common in the smokers which are the bladder cancer , the cancer of the oesophagus , the cancer of the kidneys , the cancer of the pancreas , and the cervical cancer .

Smoking affects the smoker’s health , It harms nearly every organ of the body and it causes many diseases such as the chronic bronchitis , the emphysema , the heart attacks , the strokes , and the cancer , the male smokers may be more likely to be sexually impotent ( have erectile dysfunction or ED ) than non-smokers .

Smoking can cause the blockages and narrowing in your arteries  which causes less blood and oxygen flow to your heart , As smoking affects your arteries , So , it can trigger stroke .

The  stroke happens when the blood supply to your brain is temporarily blocked , The brain cells are deprived of oxygen and start to die , the  stroke can cause the paralysis , the slurred speech , the altered brain function and the death .

Smoking can make you go blind , As it damages your eyes and it can result in the vision loss , It causes the age-related macular degeneration  , It  causes the  blindness in the adults ages 65 and the older .


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