The advantages and disadvantages of robots in the factories
Advantages of robots
The robots can perform the tasks which the humans find them dangerous , boring or difficult , They can do the work with constant speed and precision and they continue and finish the work without feeling sick .
The robots can be programmed to perform a simple task , they repeat that task more times , the robots work in the factory with high degree of accuracy and they work with constant velocity .
The robots help increase the number of manufactured products and decrease the production of defective goods , they can produce the same quality products during the production process , They do not get exhausted and they work for a long period of time .
The robots can be used in the computer industry , they are used in all kinds of electronics from the radios to the microwaves , they are used in packaging , they are used in producing the food , textiles and the drugs .
The robots help in doing dangerous jobs , They can work at a constant speed without sleep , breaks , vacations , salaries and they can produce more than the human workers .
The robots can perform dangerous applications in hazardous settings , They minimize the material waste , they can save the time and effort and their movements are always exact .
The intelligent robots help increase the productivity in the factories , they made the businesses achieve more benefits , they can reduce the companies loss , they are used in dangerously polluted environments such as the chemical spills and radioactive in the nuclear power plants and they are used in the radioactive waste clean-up .
The robots have more precise guidance in doing the tasks , they are linked to the powerful computers or controllers , they contain machine vision sub-systems acting as their visual sensors , so , they are more flexible to the orientation of objects that they can perform the tasks on them .
We will see in the future the machines which work alongside the humans and they will learn from them to perform an increasing number of manufacturing tasks .
Disadvantages of robots
The industries prefer utilizing the robots than the human workers , So , the unemployment rate will increase , and many people who can not get work will become poorer while the company owners will get richer .
The companies should calculate the cost of the robotic automation in light business , It sometimes costs a lot of money greater than the financial budget and they need regular maintenance which costs a lot of money .
The robots can work in the factory with limitations , The human do the tasks that require creativity , decision-making , adaptation and job learning .
If the employees have no experience to deal with the robots , they will need training program to interact with the new robotic equipment , it will take time and cost a lot of money in the financial output .
The robots can protect the human workers from some hazards , The robots can create other safety problems and they can cause new dangers which must be taken in consideration .
The companies must plan before using the industrial robots as using the robots without planning in the factories does not guarantee the results , so the companies will have the difficulty to achieve their goals .
The robots can produce lots of electronic wastes , They can not do something which they do not designed to do and they make the people lazy .